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𑐣𑐾𑐥𑐵𑑅𑐫𑐵 𑐳𑑄𑐰𑐶𑐢𑐵𑐣𑐫𑑂 𑐳𑐩𑐵𑐖𑐰𑐵𑐡𑐄𑐣𑑂𑐩𑐸𑐏 𑐡𑐾𑐱 𑐢𑐎𑐵𑑅 𑐄𑐮𑑂𑐮𑐾𑐏 𑐖𑐹𑐐𑐸 𑐡𑐸 𑑋 𑐀𑐠𑐾 𑐫𑐵𑐫𑐾𑐢𑐸𑑄𑐎𑐵𑑅 𑐄𑐎𑐠𑑄𑐫𑐵 𑐎𑐵𑐣𑐹𑐣 𑐣𑐶𑐬𑑂‍𑐩𑐵𑐞 𑐫𑐵𑐣𑐵 𑐰𑐣𑐾𑐩𑐵𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐳𑑄𑐳𑐡𑐫𑐵 𑐡𑐵𑐫𑐶𑐟𑑂𑐰 𑐣𑑄 𑐏𑑅 𑑋 𑐏𑐫𑑂𑐟 𑐮𑐵 𑐀𑐣𑑂𑐟𑐬𑐶𑐩 𑐳𑑄𑐰𑐶𑐢𑐵𑐣 𑑒𑑐𑑖𑑓 𑐡𑐸𑐣𑐾 𑐱𑐶𑐎𑑂𑐲𑐵 𑐰 𑐳𑑂𑐰𑐵𑐳𑑂𑐠𑑂𑐫 𑐣𑐶𑑅𑐱𑐸𑐮𑑂𑐎 𑐫𑐵𑐫𑐾𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑑃 𑐄𑐮𑑂𑐮𑐾𑐏 𑐖𑐸𑐂𑐢𑐸𑑄𑐎𑐹𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑑅 𑑋 𑐟𑐬 𑐄𑐎𑐶𑐫𑐵𑐟 𑐎𑐵𑐣𑐹𑐣 𑐡𑐫𑐾𑐎𑐵𑑅 𑐮𑐵𑐐𑐹 𑐫𑐵𑐫𑐾𑐐𑐸 𑐢𑐵𑐫𑐾𑐢𑐸𑑄𑐎𑐵𑑅 𑐢𑐵𑑅𑐳𑐵 𑐁𑑅 𑐟𑐎 𑐣𑑄 𑐄𑐎𑐶𑐫𑐵𑐟 𑐥𑐵𑐫𑑂𑐕𑐶 𑐎𑐠𑑄 𑐕𑑂𑐫𑐮𑐵𑐧𑐸𑐮𑐵𑐫𑑂 𑐴𑐫𑐾 𑐩𑐦𑐸𑐐𑐸 𑐀𑐰𑐳𑑂𑐠𑐵 𑐎𑐵𑐫𑐩 𑐖𑐸𑐫𑐵𑐔𑑂𑐰𑐣 𑑋 𑐁𑑅 𑐴𑐵𑐎𑐣𑑄 𑐕𑐎𑑂𑐰𑑅 𑐣𑐾𑐥𑐵𑑅𑐫𑐵 𑐳𑑄𑐰𑐶𑐢𑐵𑐣𑐫𑑂 𑐡𑑀𑐴𑑀𑐬𑑀 𑐎𑐠𑑄 𑐣𑐶𑑅𑐱𑐸𑐮𑑂𑐎 𑐱𑐶𑐎𑑂𑐲𑐵 𑐰 𑐣𑐶𑑅𑐱𑐸𑐮𑑂𑐎 𑐳𑑂𑐰𑐵𑐳𑑂𑐠𑑂𑐫 𑐳𑐾𑐰𑐵𑐫𑐵 𑐧𑐣𑑂𑐡𑑀𑐧𑐳𑑂𑐟 𑐫𑐵𑐫𑐾𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑑃 𑐄𑐮𑑂𑐮𑐾𑐏 𑐖𑐹𑐰𑑄𑐐𑐸 𑐡𑐸 𑑋 𑐐𑐸𑐐𑐸 𑐳𑐩𑐵𑐖𑐰𑐵𑐡𑐄𑐣𑑂𑐩𑐸𑐸𑐏 𑐳𑑄𑐰𑐶𑐢𑐵𑐣 𑐢𑐵𑐫𑐾𑐎𑐾𑐟 𑐩𑐡𑐫𑐾𑐎𑑄 𑐩𑐐𑐵𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐔𑐷𑐖 𑐣𑑄 𑐏𑑅 𑑋 𑐄𑐎𑐶𑑄 𑐣𑑄 𑐳𑐩𑐵𑐖𑐰𑐵𑐡𑐷 𑐩𑐸𑐮𑐸𑐎𑐫𑑂 𑐤𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐠𑐵𑐫𑑂 𑐖𑐹𑐳𑐵𑑄 𑐮𑐵𑐐𑐹 𑐫𑐵𑐣𑐵𑐟𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐣𑐶𑑅𑐱𑐸𑐮𑑂𑐎 𑐳𑑂𑐰𑐵𑐳𑑂𑐠𑑂𑐫 𑐰 𑐣𑐶𑑅𑐱𑐸𑐮𑑂𑐎 𑐱𑐶𑐎𑑂𑐲𑐵𑐫𑐵 𑐰𑑂𑐫𑐰𑐳𑑂𑐠𑐵 𑐫𑐵𑐫𑐾𑐐𑐸𑐮𑐷 𑐳𑐡𑐣𑐫𑑂 𑐠𑐷𑐠𑐷 𑐎𑐠𑑄𑐫𑐵 […]

𑐱𑐶𑐎𑑂𑐲𑐵 𑐳𑑂𑐰𑐵𑐳𑑂𑐠𑑂𑐫 𑐣𑐶𑑅𑐱𑐸𑐮𑑂𑐎𑐫𑐵 𑐳𑐰𑐵𑐮


𑐜𑐧𑑂𑐮𑐸𑐊𑐣𑐌 𑐐𑐛𑐣𑐫𑐵 𑐥𑐺𑐲𑑂𑐛𑐨𑐹𑐩𑐶: 𑐮𑐖𑐐𑐵𑑅 𑐰𑐵 𑐁𑐏𑑅 𑐧𑑂𑐰𑐣𑐾𑐐𑐸 𑐰 𑐩𑐾𑐩𑐾𑐐𑐸 𑐴𑐸𑐣𑐶𑑄 𑐣𑐾𑐥𑐵𑐮𑑄 𑐥𑐶𑐣𑐾 𑐫𑐸𑐬𑑀𑐥𑐫𑐵 𑐠𑐷𑐠𑐷 𑐡𑐾𑐱, 𑐀𑐩𑐾𑐬𑐶𑐎𑐵, 𑐖𑐵𑐥𑐵𑐣, 𑐀𑐲𑑂𑐚𑑂𑐬𑐾𑐮𑐶𑐫𑐵 𑐁𑐡𑐶 𑐡𑐾𑐱𑐫𑑂 𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅𑐟𑐫𑑂𑐐𑐸 𑐧𑐳𑑀𑐧𑐵𑐳 𑐖𑐸𑐫𑐵𑐰𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐁𑐥𑐵𑑅 𑐃 𑐡𑐟 𑑋 𑐳𑐣𑑂 𑑑𑑙𑑙𑑐 𑐫𑐵 𑐡𑐱𑐎𑐫𑑂 𑐠𑑂𑐫𑑄𑐧𑐮𑐫𑑂 𑐠𑑂𑐰 𑐎𑑂𑐬𑐩 𑐀𑐗 𑐰𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐥𑐎 𑐖𑐹𑐰𑐣 𑑋 𑐐𑐣 𑐐𑐣 𑐡𑐾𑐱𑐫𑑂 𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅𑐟𑐫𑑂 𑐮𑑂𑐫𑐵𑑅 𑐨𑐔𑐵 𑐀𑐥𑑂𑐰𑐫𑐵𑑅 𑐥𑐸𑐔𑑅 𑐏𑐵𑐫𑐾𑐐𑐸 𑐱𑐸𑐬𑐸 𑐖𑐸𑐮 𑐀𑐣 𑐀𑐣 𑐡𑐾𑐱𑐫𑑂 𑐀𑐩𑐶𑐳𑑄 𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅 𑐏𑐮𑑅, 𑐥𑐸𑐔𑑅, 𑐐𑐸𑐠𑐶 𑐔𑐵𑐫𑐾𑐎𑐾𑐩𑐵𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐩𑐴𑐳𑐸𑐳 𑐫𑐵𑐣𑐵𑑅 𑐴𑐬𑐾𑐎 𑐡𑐾𑐱𑐫𑑂 𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅𑐟𑐫𑑂𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑐮𑑅, 𑐥𑐸𑐔𑑅, 𑐐𑐸𑐠𑐶 𑐰𑐵 𑐩𑐩𑐾𑐐𑐸 𑐣𑐵𑐩𑑄 𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅 𑐳𑑄𑐑, 𑐳𑑄𑐳𑑂𑐠𑐵𑐟 𑐣𑐶𑐳𑑂𑐰𑐣𑐾𑐐𑐸 𑐖𑑂𑐫𑐵 𑐣𑑄 𑐤𑑂𑐫𑐖𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐎𑐵 𑐫𑑄𑐎𑐹𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑐣𑐾𑐡𑐸 𑑋 𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅 𑐳𑑄𑐳𑑂𑐎𑐺𑐟𑐶 𑐮𑑂𑐫𑑄𑐎𑐾𑐐𑐸, 𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅 𑐣𑐏𑑅𑐔𑐏𑑅 𑐴𑐣𑐾𑐐𑐸, 𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅 𑐨𑑂𑐰𑐫𑑂 𑐣𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐫𑐾𑐎𑐾𑐐𑐸𑐮𑐷 𑐟𑐵𑑅𑐮𑐵𑐣𑐵 𑐰𑐣𑐵𑐔𑑂𑐰𑑄𑐐𑐸 𑐠𑐸𑐥𑐶𑑄 𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅 𑐳𑑄𑐑 𑐳𑑄𑐳𑑂𑐠𑐵𑐟 𑐁𑐥𑐵𑐮𑑄 𑐡𑐫𑐵𑑅 𑐣𑑄 𑐠𑐷𑐠𑐷 𑐡𑐾𑐱𑐫𑑂 𑐠𑑂𑐫𑐣𑐵𑐔𑑂𑐰𑑄𑐥𑐶𑑄 […]

𑐰𑐶𑐱𑑂𑐰𑐫𑐵 𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅𑐟𑐫𑑂𑐟 𑐕𑐢𑐷 𑐫𑐵𑐂𑐐𑐸 𑐜𑐧𑑂𑐮𑐸𑐊𑐣𑐌


𑐰𑐬𑑂‍𑐮𑑂𑐜 𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅 𑐀𑐬𑑂‍𑐐𑐣𑐵𑐂𑐖𑐾𑐱𑐣 (𑐜𑐧𑑂𑐮𑐹𑐊𑐣𑐌) 𑐫𑐵 𑐩𑐸𑑃𑐖𑑂𑐫𑐵𑑄 𑐴𑐬𑐾𑐎 𑐡𑑃𑐫𑑂 𑐩𑐵𑐬𑑂‍𑐔𑐫𑐵 𑐮𑐶𑐥𑐵𑑄𑐐𑐸 𑐱𑐣𑐶𑐰𑐵𑑅 “𑐴𑐮𑐶𑑄 𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅 𑐡𑐶𑑄” 𑐴𑐣𑐾𑐐𑐸 𑐢𑐎𑐵𑑅 𑐳𑐣𑑂 𑑒𑑐𑑑𑑗 𑐫𑑂 𑐎𑑂𑐰𑑅𑐕𑐶𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑑅 𑑋 𑐄𑐐𑐸 𑐎𑐠𑑄 𑐳𑐣𑑂 𑑒𑑐𑑑𑑘 𑐣𑐶𑐳𑐾𑑄 𑐴𑐮𑐶𑑄 𑐣𑑂𑐫𑑄𑐎 𑐴𑐮𑐶𑑄 𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅 𑐡𑐶𑑄 𑐎𑐠𑑄 𑐴𑐣𑐾𑐐𑐸 𑐖𑑂𑐫𑐵 𑐤𑑂𑐫𑐵𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐡𑐸 𑑋 𑐏 𑐮𑐵 𑐢𑐸𑐔𑑂𑐔𑐵𑐥𑐟𑐶𑑄 𑐣𑐏𑑅𑐔𑐏𑑅 𑐴𑐣𑐵𑐔𑑂𑐰𑑄𑐥𑐶𑑄 𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅𑐟𑐫𑑂𑐟 𑐠𑑂𑐰 𑐩𑐾𑐐𑐸 𑐕𑐐𑐹 𑐤𑐹𑐐𑐸 𑐣𑐏𑑅 𑐕𑐵𑐫𑑂 𑐩𑐵𑐮 𑐢𑐿𑐐𑐸 𑐤𑑂𑐫𑐳𑑅 𑐡𑐣𑐾𑐦𑐸, 𑐀𑐠𑐰𑐵 𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅 𑐡𑐶𑑄 𑐢𑐎𑐵𑑅 𑐴𑐣𑐾 𑐴𑐾 𑐩𑐵𑑅𑐳𑐵𑑄 𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅𑐟𑐫𑑂 𑐣𑐏𑑅𑐔𑐏𑑅 𑐩𑐢𑑂𑐫𑐫𑑂 𑐕𑐐𑐹 𑐮𑑂𑐫𑐫𑐵𑑅 𑐄𑐐𑐸 𑐡𑐶𑑄𑐫𑐵𑐟 𑐴𑐾 𑐴𑐮𑐶𑑄 𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅 𑐡𑐶𑑄 𑐢𑐎𑐵𑑅 𑐴𑑄𑐳𑐵𑑄 𑐖𑑂𑐫𑐹 𑐢𑐎𑐵𑑅 𑐣𑑄 𑐧𑐶𑐔𑐵𑑅 𑐰𑐫𑐾𑐦𑐸 𑑋 𑐠𑐸𑐐𑐸 𑐡𑐶𑑄 𑐴𑐣𑐾𑐐𑐸𑐫𑐵 𑐩𑐹 𑐟𑐵𑐟𑐸𑐣𑐵 𑐢𑐫𑐵𑐐𑐸 𑐴𑐾 𑐴𑐮𑐶𑑄𑐣𑑂𑐫𑑄𑐎𑐫𑐵 𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅𑐟 𑐕𑐠𑐵𑐫𑑂 𑐩𑐸𑐣𑐵𑑅 𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅 𑐨𑐵𑐫𑑂, 𑐳𑑄𑐳𑑂𑐎𑐺𑐟𑐶 𑐰 𑐀𑐢𑐶𑐎𑐵𑐬𑐫𑐵 𑐮𑐵𑐐𑐶 𑐳𑑅 𑐠𑑂𑐰𑐫𑐾𑐎𑐾𑐐𑐸 𑐩𑐵𑐢𑑂𑐫𑐩 […]

“𑐴𑐮𑐶𑑄 𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅 𑐡𑐶𑑄” 𑐕𑐸 𑐏𑑅?



𑐄𑐡𑐾𑐣 𑐤𑐹𑐳𑐵𑐫𑑂𑐩𑐶 ‘𑐑𑐾𑑄 𑐡𑐶 𑐑𑐾𑑄𑐔𑐵, 𑐑𑐾𑑄 𑐡𑐶 𑐑𑐾𑑄𑐔𑐵 𑐑𑐾𑑄 𑐡𑐶 𑐑𑐾𑑄 𑐔𑐵𑐑𑐾𑑄 𑐔𑐵𑐑𑐾𑑄 𑐔𑐵𑐑𑐾𑑄𑐔𑐵 𑐑𑐾𑑄 𑐡𑐶 𑐑𑐾𑑄𑐔𑐵, 𑐑𑐾𑑄 𑐡𑐶 𑐑𑐾𑑄𑐔𑐵’ 𑐠𑑂𑐰 𑐐𑐸𑑄𑐮𑐵 𑐧𑐵𑐖𑑄 𑐀𑐬𑑂‍𑐠𑐵𑐟 𑐢𑐵𑑅𑐧𑐵𑐖𑑄𑐫𑐵 𑐧𑑀𑐮 𑐏𑑅 𑑋 𑐠𑑂𑐰 𑐐𑐸𑑄𑐮𑐵 𑐮𑐕𑐶 𑐳𑐸𑐠𑐤𑐵𑐥𑐵𑑄 𑐠𑑂𑐰 𑐴𑐾 𑐧𑑀𑐮 𑐰𑐵 𑐧𑐵𑐖𑑄𑐫𑐵 𑐳𑑅 𑐖𑐎 𑐣𑑂𑐫𑐣𑐾 𑐡𑐫𑐵𑐔𑑂𑐰𑐣𑐷 𑑋 𑐫𑐾𑑃, 𑐫𑐮, 𑐏𑑂𑐰𑐥𑐫𑑂 𑐖𑐎 𑐩𑐏𑐸 𑐳𑑂𑐰𑐣𑐶𑐐𑐮𑑄𑐥𑐶𑐣𑐾 𑐣𑑄 𑐐𑐸𑑄𑐮𑐵 𑐮𑐕𑐶𑐫𑑄𑐎𑑄 𑐢𑐵𑑅𑐧𑐵𑐖𑑄 𑐠𑐵𑐣𑐵𑑅 𑐧𑑁𑐡𑑂𑐢 𑐔𑐿𑐟𑑂𑐫, 𑐰𑐶𑐴𑐵𑐬 𑐥𑐬𑐶𑐎𑑂𑐬𑐩𑐵 𑐫𑐵𑐫𑐾𑐐𑐸 𑐔𑐮𑐣 𑐡𑐸 𑑋 𑐰𑐶𑐱𑐾𑐲 𑐫𑐵𑐣𑐵𑑅 𑐫𑐾𑑃𑐫𑐵 𑐧𑑁𑐡𑑂𑐢𑐩𑐵𑐬𑑂‍𑐐𑐷𑐟 𑐐𑐸𑑄𑐮𑐵 𑐮𑐕𑐶𑐫𑑄𑐎𑑄 𑐳𑑂𑐰𑐫𑐩𑑂𑐨𑐹 𑐩𑐴𑐵𑐔𑐿𑐟𑑂𑐫𑐫𑑂 𑐰𑐣𑐾𑐐𑐸 𑐫𑐵𑐂𑐳𑐵 𑐫𑐮 𑐰 𑐏𑑂𑐰𑐥𑐫𑐵𑐥𑐶𑑄 𑐠𑐷𑐠𑐷 𑐧𑐴𑐵𑑅 𑐧𑐴𑐷 𑐔𑐵𑑅𑐴𑐶𑐮𑐾𑐐𑐸 𑐫𑐵𑐂 𑐢𑐵𑑅𑐧𑐵𑐖𑑄 𑐠𑐵𑐣𑐵𑑅 𑑋 𑐀𑐠𑐾 𑐴𑐾 𑐎𑐶𑐥𑐹, 𑐳𑐎𑑂𑐰, 𑐏𑐵𑐳𑑂𑐟𑐶 𑐁𑐡𑐶 𑐠𑐵𑐳𑐫𑑂 𑐔𑑂𑐰𑑄𑐥𑐶𑑄 𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅 𑐧𑑁𑐡𑑂𑐢𑐩𑐵𑐬𑑂‍𑐐𑐷𑐟𑐫𑑂𑐳𑑄 𑐐𑐸𑑄𑐮𑐵𑐫𑐵 𑐂𑐮𑐫𑑂 𑐢𑐵𑑅𑐧𑐵𑐖𑑄 𑐠𑐵𑐫𑐾𑐐𑐸 𑐫𑐵𑑅 𑑋 𑐠𑑂𑐰 𑐢𑐵𑑅𑐧𑐵𑐖𑑄 […]

𑐢𑐵𑑅𑐧𑐵𑐖𑐣𑐫𑑂 𑐤𑐹 𑐥𑐸𑐳𑑂𑐟𑐵𑐫𑐵 𑐁𑐎𑐬𑑂‍𑐲𑐞


𑐌𑐩𑐎𑐵𑐬𑐾𑐱𑑂𑐰𑐬 𑐱𑑂𑐬𑐾𑐲𑑂𑐛 𑐳𑐴𑐥𑑂𑐬𑐵𑐢𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐥𑐎 𑐣𑐾𑐥𑐵𑐮𑐨𑐵𑐲𑐵 𑐎𑐾𑐣𑑂𑐡𑑂𑐬𑐷𑐫 𑐰𑐶𑐨𑐵𑐐 (𑐣𑐾𑐥𑐵𑐮𑐨𑐵𑐲𑐵𑐫𑐵 𑐮𑐾𑐏𑐣𑐊 ‘𑐫𑑂’, ‘𑐫𑐾’ 𑐰 ‘𑐊’ 𑐐𑐸𑐐𑐸 𑐖𑐸𑐂 𑐠𑑂𑐰 𑐰𑐶𑐲𑐫𑐳 𑐕𑐐𑐹 𑐀𑐣𑑂𑐟𑐎𑑂𑐬𑑂‍𑐬𑐶𑐫𑐵𑐟𑑂𑐩𑐎 𑐐𑑀𑐲𑑂𑐛𑐷 𑐖𑐹𑐐𑐸 𑐡𑐸 𑑋 𑐊𑐩.𑐊. 𑐟𑐐𑐶𑐩𑐊 𑐣𑐾𑐥𑐵𑐮𑐨𑐵𑐲𑐵𑐫𑐵 𑐣𑐶𑐫𑐩𑐶𑐟 𑐎𑐎𑑂𑐲𑐵 𑐳𑐸𑐬𑐸 𑐖𑐹𑐐𑐸 𑑒𑑐𑑔𑑘 𑐨𑐡𑑁 𑑔 𑐫𑐵 𑐮𑐳𑐟𑐵𑐊 𑐣𑐾𑐥𑐵𑐮𑐨𑐵𑐲𑐵 𑐎𑐾𑐣𑑂𑐡𑑂𑐬𑐷𑐫 𑐰𑐶𑐨𑐵𑐐𑐊 𑐱𑐣𑐶𑐰𑐵𑑅 𑐖𑐹𑐐𑐸 ‘𑐰𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐎𑐬𑐞 𑐐𑑀𑐲𑑂𑐛𑐷’𑐳 𑐳𑐴𑐥𑑂𑐬𑐵 𑐜𑐵. 𑐌𑐩𑐎𑐵𑐬𑐾𑐱𑑂𑐰𑐬 𑐱𑑂𑐬𑐾𑐲𑑂𑐛𑑄 ‘𑐣𑐾𑐥𑐵𑐮𑐨𑐵𑐲𑐵𑐊 ‘𑐫’, ‘𑐫𑑂’, ‘𑐫𑐾’ 𑐰 ‘𑐊’ 𑐫𑐵 𑐳𑐬𑑂‍𑐰𑐾𑐎𑑂𑐲𑐞’ 𑐣𑐵𑑄𑐫𑐵 𑐖𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐥𑑁 𑐤𑐾𑐧𑑀𑐫𑐵𑐡𑐷𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑑅 𑑋 𑐄𑐐𑐸 𑐎𑐵𑐬𑑂‍𑐫𑐥𑐟𑑂𑐬𑐫𑐵𑐟 𑐎𑐫𑐵𑑅 𑐜𑐵. 𑐳𑐸𑐣𑑂𑐡𑐬𑐎𑐺𑐲𑑂𑐞 𑐖𑑀𑐱𑐷, 𑐳𑐴𑐥𑑂𑐬𑐵 𑐎𑐵𑐱𑐷𑐣𑐵𑐠 𑐟𑐩𑑀𑐚, 𑐥𑑂𑐬𑐵𑐜𑐵 𑐟𑐸𑐫𑐸𑐧𑐴𑐵𑐡𑐸𑐬 𑐩𑐴𑐬𑑂‍𑐖𑐣 𑐰 𑐜𑐵. 𑐫𑑀𑐐𑐾𑐱𑐬𑐵𑐖𑐥𑐶𑑄𑐳𑑄 𑐚𑐶𑐥𑑂𑐥𑐞𑐷 𑐫𑐵𑐣𑐵𑐡𑐷𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑑅 𑑋 𑐄𑐐𑐸 𑐎𑐵𑐬𑑂‍𑐫𑐥𑐟𑑂𑐬𑐫𑐵𑐟 𑐠𑐣 𑐤𑑂𑐫𑐧𑑀𑐫𑐵𑐔𑑀𑐣𑐵 𑑋 𑐳𑑄.) 𑐩𑐹𑐟𑐶 (Abstract) 𑐣𑐾𑐥𑐵𑐮 𑐮𑐶𑐥𑐶𑐫𑐵 𑐤𑐵𑐥𑐵𑑄𑐐𑐸 𑐳𑐦𑐹 𑐣𑐾𑐥𑐵𑐮 𑐳𑑄𑐰𑐟𑑂 𑑒𑑘 𑐫𑐵 𑐮𑑄𑐎𑐵𑐰𑐟𑐵𑐬 𑐏𑑅𑑋 𑐊𑐎𑐰𑐶𑑄𑐱𑐟𑐶 𑐥𑑂𑐬𑐖𑑂𑐘𑐵𑐥𑐵𑐬𑐩𑐶𑐟𑐵 𑐠𑐵𑐳𑐵 𑐁𑐏𑐮𑑄 𑐥𑐶𑐎𑐵𑑅𑐐𑐸 […]

𑐣𑐾𑐥𑐵𑐮𑐨𑐵𑐲𑐵𑐊 ‘𑐫, 𑐫𑑂, 𑐫𑐾 𑐰 ...


𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵: 𑐀𑐣𑐮𑐵𑐂𑐣 𑐣𑑂𑐫𑐸𑐖 – 𑐮𑐮𑐾𑐣𑑂𑐡𑑂𑐬 𑐱𑐵𑐎𑑂𑐫 | 𑑒𑑐𑑗𑑕 𑐩𑐵𑐑 𑑑𑑗, 𑐧𑐶𑐴𑐶𑐧𑐵𑐬 𑑑𑑑:𑑔𑑐:𑑕𑑗 𑐎𑐶𑐥𑐹 𑐮𑐵𑐐𑐵𑐫𑐵 𑐧𑐬𑐶𑐲𑑂𑐛 𑐳𑑂𑐰𑐵𑐳𑑂𑐠𑑂𑐫𑐳𑐾𑐰𑐷, 𑐱𑐶𑐎𑑂𑐲𑐵𑐥𑑂𑐬𑐾𑐩𑐶, 𑐳𑐩𑐵𑐖𑐳𑐾𑐰𑐷 𑐮𑐶𑐳𑐾𑑄 𑐎𑐶𑐥𑐹𑐫𑐵 𑐳𑐴𑐶𑐡 𑐳𑑂𑐩𑐵𑐬𑐎 𑐎𑐮𑐾𑐖𑐫𑐵 𑐳𑑄𑐳𑑂𑐠𑐵𑐥𑐎 𑐣𑐵𑐫𑑅 𑐩𑐡𑐸𑐪 𑐬𑐸𑐡𑑂𑐬𑐧𑐴𑐵𑐡𑐸𑐬 𑐥𑑂𑐬𑐢𑐵𑐣 (𑐧𑑂𑐬𑐪𑐸𑐎𑐵𑐖𑐷)𑐫𑐵 𑐮𑐸𑐩𑐣𑑂𑐟𑐶𑐂 𑐎𑐶𑐥𑐹 𑐮𑐵𑐐𑐵𑐫𑑂 𑐠𑐷𑐠𑐷 𑐳𑐵𑐩𑐵𑐖𑐶𑐎𑐮𑐶𑐳𑐾𑑄 𑐩𑐾𑐩𑐾𑐐𑐸 𑐔𑑂𑐰𑐕𑐵𑐫𑐾𑐧𑐴𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐖𑑂𑐫𑐵 𑐫𑐵𑐫𑐾𑐐𑐸 𑐣𑐶𑐟𑐶𑑄 𑐬𑐸𑐡𑑂𑐬𑐧𑐴𑐵𑐡𑐸𑐬 𑐳𑑂𑐩𑐺𑐟𑐶 𑐥𑑂𑐬𑐟𑐶𑐲𑑂𑐛𑐵𑐣 𑐣𑐷𑐳𑑂𑐰𑐣𑐵𑐟𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐡𑐸 𑑋 𑐠𑐸𑐐𑐸 𑐥𑑂𑐬𑐟𑐶𑐲𑑂𑐛𑐵𑐣𑑄 𑐡𑑃𑐫𑑂 𑐡𑐳𑑄 𑐠𑐷𑐠𑐷 𑐖𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐗𑑂𑐰𑑅 𑐤𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐎𑐵𑑅 𑐰𑐫𑐵𑐔𑑂𑐰𑑄𑐐𑐸 𑐡𑐸 𑑋 𑐠𑑂𑐰𑐴𑐾 𑐗𑑂𑐰𑐮𑐫𑑂 𑐄𑐐𑐸 𑐬𑐸𑐡𑑂𑐬𑐧𑐴𑐵𑐡𑐸𑐬 𑐳𑑂𑐩𑐺𑐟𑐶 𑐥𑑂𑐬𑐟𑐶𑐲𑑂𑐛𑐵𑐣𑑄 𑐱𑐶𑐎𑑂𑐲𑐵 𑐎𑑂𑐲𑐾𑐟𑑂𑐬𑐫𑑂 𑐧𑐶𑐧𑐶𑐊𑐳 𑐳𑑂𑐣𑐵𑐟𑐎 𑐟𑐴 𑐰𑑂𑐫𑐰𑐳𑑂𑐠𑐵𑐥𑐣 𑐳𑑄𑐎𑐵𑐫𑑂 𑐳𑐬𑑂‍𑐰𑑀𑐎𑐺𑐲𑑂𑐚 𑐖𑐹𑐥𑐶𑑄 𑐰𑐶𑐡𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐬𑑂‍𑐠𑐷𑐥𑐶𑐣𑑂𑐟 𑐴𑑅𑐥𑐵𑑅 𑐰 𑐟𑐶𑐧𑑅 𑐧𑐶𑐂𑐐𑐸 𑐣𑐶𑐟𑐶𑑄 𑐥𑐮𑐶𑐳𑑂𑐠𑐵 𑐫𑐵𑐣𑐵𑐟𑑅𑐐𑐸 ‘𑐬𑐸𑐡𑑂𑐬 𑐳𑑂𑐩𑐺𑐟𑐶 𑐥𑐸𑐬𑐳𑑂𑐎𑐵𑐬’ 𑐠𑐸𑐐𑐸𑐳𑐷 𑑒𑑐𑑗𑑕 𑐧𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐔𑐫𑐵 𑐰𑐶𑐡𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐬𑑂‍𑐠𑐷 𑐳𑐴𑐶𑐡 𑐳𑑂𑐩𑐵𑐬𑐎 𑐎𑐮𑐾𑐖𑐫𑐵 𑐰𑐶𑐡𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐬𑑂‍𑐠𑐷 𑐟𑐾𑐖𑐾𑐣𑑂𑐡𑑂𑐬 𑐖𑐶𑐳𑐷𑐫𑐵𑐟 𑐣𑐐𑐡 𑐣𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐡𑑂𑐰𑑅 𑐟𑐎𑐵 𑐮𑐶𑐳𑐾𑑄 𑐄𑐐𑐸 𑐥𑐸𑐬𑐳𑑂𑐎𑐵𑐬 𑐮𑑅𑐯𑐵𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐡𑐸 𑑋 […]

𑐎𑐶𑐥𑐸𑐮𑐷 ‘𑐬𑐸𑐡𑑂𑐬𑐧𑐴𑐵𑐡𑐸𑐬 𑐳𑑂𑐩𑐺𑐟𑐶 𑐥𑐸𑐬𑐳𑑂𑐎𑐵𑐬’ 𑐳𑐴𑐶𑐡 ...



𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵: 𑐀𑐣𑐮𑐵𑐂𑐣 𑐣𑑂𑐫𑐸𑐖 – 𑐬𑐵𑐖𑐷𑐰 𑐬𑐵𑐖𑑀𑐥𑐵𑐢𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐫 | 𑑒𑑐𑑗𑑕 𑐦𑐵𑐮𑑂𑐐𑐸𑐞 𑑑𑑗, 𑐱𑐸𑐎𑑂𑐬𑐧𑐵𑐬 𑑑𑑖:𑑓𑑙:𑑕𑑙 𑐫𑐾𑑃𑐫𑐵 𑐟𑐵𑐩𑑂𑐳𑐶𑐥𑐵𑐏𑐵𑐫𑑂 𑐔𑑂𑐰𑑄𑐐𑐸 𑐣𑑂𑐫𑐹 𑐖𑐾𑐣𑐶𑐠 𑐂𑑄𑐐𑑂𑐮𑐶𑐳 𑐩𑑀𑐜𑐾𑐮 𑐳𑑂𑐎𑐹𑐮𑐫𑐵 𑑒𑑐 𑐎𑑂𑐰𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐀𑐨𑐶𑐨𑐵𑐰𑐎 𑐡𑐶𑐰𑐳 𑐟𑑅𑐖𑐶𑐎 𑐴𑑄𑐐𑐸 𑐡𑐸 𑑋 𑐧𑐶𑐴𑐶𑐰𑐵𑑅 𑐫𑐾𑑃𑐫𑐵 𑐖𑐩𑐮𑐫𑑂 𑐔𑑂𑐰𑑄𑐐𑐸 𑐬𑐵𑐲𑑂𑐚𑑂𑐬𑐶𑐫 𑐣𑐵𑐔𑐑𑐬𑐫𑐵 𑐴𑐮𑐫𑑂 𑐖𑐹𑐐𑐸 𑐄𑐐𑐸 𑐀𑐨𑐶𑐨𑐵𑐰𑐎 𑐡𑐶𑐰𑐳𑐫𑑂 𑐫𑐾𑑃 𑐩𑐴𑐵𑐣𑐐𑐬𑐥𑐵𑐮𑐶𑐎𑐵 𑑑𑑘 𑐰𑐜𑐵𑐫𑐵 𑐰𑐜𑐵 𑐣𑐵𑐫𑑅 𑐤𑐸𑐔𑑂𑐕𑐾𑐎𑐵𑐖𑐷 𑐩𑐴𑐬𑑂‍𑐖𑐣 𑐩𑐹𑐥𑐵𑐴𑐵𑑃 𑐎𑐠𑑄 𑐗𑐵𑐫𑐵𑐡𑐷𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑑅𑐳𑐵 𑐰𑐫𑑂𑐎𑐮𑑄 𑐟𑑂𑐰𑐵𑑅𑐡𑐾𑐰𑐵𑐫𑑂 𑐩𑐟 𑐔𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐎𑐵𑑅 𑐖𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐗𑑂𑐰𑑅𑐫𑐵 𑐄𑐮𑐾𑐖𑑂𑐫𑐵 𑐫𑐵𑐣𑐵𑐡𑐷𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑑅 𑑋 𑐀𑐠𑐾𑐴𑐾, 𑐄𑐐𑐸 𑐖𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐗𑑂𑐰𑑅 𑐳𑑂𑐎𑐹𑐮 𑐳𑑄𑐔𑐵𑐮𑐎 𑐳𑐩𑐶𑐟𑐶𑐫𑐵 𑐣𑐵𑐫𑑅 𑐥𑐸𑐲𑑂𑐥𑐮𑐵𑐮 𑐱𑑂𑐬𑐾𑐲𑑂𑐛𑐫𑐵𑐫𑐵 𑐳𑐨𑐵𑐣𑐵𑐫𑑅𑐳𑐸𑐂 𑐤𑑂𑐫𑐵𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑑅 𑑋 𑐀𑐨𑐶𑐨𑐵𑐰𑐎 𑐡𑐶𑐰𑐳𑐫𑑂 𑐳𑑂𑐎𑐹𑐮𑐫𑐵 𑐕𑐐𑐹 𑐟𑐐𑐶𑑄 𑐣𑐶𑐳𑐾𑑄 𑑑𑑒 𑐟𑐐𑐶𑐟𑐎𑐫𑐵 𑐰𑐶𑐡𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐬𑑂‍𑐠𑐷𑐥𑐣𑑂𑐳𑑄 𑐠𑐷𑐠𑐷 𑐴𑐸𑐮𑐵𑐥𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐏𑑄𑐮𑐶𑐳𑐾𑑄 𑐳𑐵𑑄𑐐𑐶𑐟𑐶𑐎 𑐖𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐗𑑂𑐰𑑅 𑐤𑑂𑐫𑐧𑑂𑐰𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑑅 𑑋 𑐳𑑂𑐎𑐹𑐮𑐫𑐵 𑐱𑐶𑐎𑑂𑐲𑐎 𑐰𑐶𑐎𑐵𑐳 𑐥𑑁𑐜𑐾𑐮𑑄 𑐮𑐳𑐎𑐸𑐳 𑐣𑑂𑐰𑐔𑐹 𑐧𑐶𑐫𑐵𑐡𑐷𑐐𑐸 𑐄𑐐𑐸 𑐖𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐗𑑂𑐰𑐮𑐫𑑂 𑐳𑑂𑐎𑐹𑐮𑐫𑑂 𑑑𑑕 […]

𑐣𑑂𑐫𑐹 𑐖𑐾𑐣𑐶𑐠 𑐳𑑂𑐎𑐹𑐮𑑄 𑐟𑑅𑐖𑐶𑐎 𑐀𑐨𑐶𑐨𑐵𑐰𑐎 ...


𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵: 𑐀𑐣𑐮𑐵𑐂𑐣 𑐣𑑂𑐫𑐸𑐖 | 𑑒𑑐𑑗𑑕 𑐦𑐵𑐮𑑂𑐐𑐸𑐞 𑑑𑑙, 𑐁𑐂𑐟𑐧𑐵𑐬 𑑑𑑗:𑑔𑑘:𑑐𑑙 𑐎𑑄𑐳 𑐩𑑄𑐐𑐮𑐰𑐵𑑅𑐣𑐶𑐳𑐾𑑄 𑐁𑐣𑑂𑐡𑑀𑐮𑐣𑐬𑐟 𑐀𑐳𑑂𑐠𑐵𑐃 𑐰 𑐬𑐵𑐴𑐟 𑐱𑐶𑐎𑑂𑐲𑐎 𑐳𑑄𑐐𑐛𑐣 𑐎𑐾𑐣𑑂𑐡𑑂𑐬𑐷𑐫 𑐳𑐩𑐶𑐟𑐶𑑄 𑐡𑐾𑐫𑑂 𑐣𑑂𑐫𑑄𑐎𑑄 𑐔𑑂𑐰𑑄𑐐𑐸 𑐳𑐵𑐩𑐸𑐡𑐵𑐫𑐶𑐎 𑐰𑐶𑐡𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐮𑐫𑐫𑐵 𑐥𑐛𑐣–𑐥𑐵𑐛𑐣 𑐧𑐣𑑂𑐡 𑐫𑐵𑐂𑐐𑐸 𑐖𑐹𑐐𑐸 𑐡𑐸 𑑋 𑐫𑐸𑐰𑐵𑐀𑐰𑐳𑑂𑐠𑐵 𑐰 𑐄𑐬𑑂‍𑐖𑐵𑐰𑐵𑐣 𑐃 𑐳𑐵𑐩𑐸𑐡𑐵𑐫𑐶𑐎 𑐰𑐶𑐡𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐮𑐫𑐫𑐵 𑐱𑐿𑐎𑑂𑐲𑐶𑐎 𑐰𑐶𑐎𑐵𑐳𑐫𑐵 𑐣𑐶𑐟𑐶𑑄 𑐃 𑐏𑐬𑑂‍𑐔 𑐫𑐵𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐰 𑐁𑑅 𑐳𑐬𑐎𑐵𑐬𑑄 𑐏𑐵𑐮𑐶 𑐯𑐵𑑅 𑐮𑐶𑐟𑐕𑑂𑐰𑐫𑐾𑐟𑑂𑐫𑑄𑐐𑐸 𑐢𑐵𑐳𑐾𑑄 𑐀𑐳𑑂𑐠𑐵𑐃 𑐰 𑐬𑐵𑐴𑐟 𑐱𑐶𑐎𑑂𑐲𑐎 𑐁𑐣𑑂𑐡𑑀𑐮𑐣𑐬𑐟 𑐖𑐸𑐫𑐵𑐔𑑂𑐰𑑄𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑑅 𑑋 𑐠𑑅𑐥𑐶𑐣𑐶𑐐𑐸 𑐩𑐵𑐐𑐥𑑂𑐬𑐟𑐶 𑐳𑐬𑐎𑐵𑐬 𑐄𑐟𑑂𑐟𑐬𑐡𑐵𑐫𑐷 𑐩𑐖𑐹𑐐𑐸 𑐢𑐵𑐳𑐾𑑄 𑐳𑐩𑐶𑐟𑐶𑑄 𑐦𑐵𑐐𑐸𑐣 𑑒𑑑 𑐐𑐟𑐾 𑐩𑑄𑐐𑐮𑐰𑐵𑑅𑐣𑐶𑐳𑐾𑑄 𑐳𑐵𑐩𑐸𑐡𑐵𑐫𑐶𑐎 𑐰𑐶𑐡𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐮𑐫𑐫𑐵 𑐥𑐛𑐣–𑐥𑐵𑐛𑐣 𑐧𑐣𑑂𑐡 𑐫𑐵𑐫𑐾𑐐𑐸 𑐑𑑀𑐲𑐞𑐵 𑐫𑐵𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑑅 𑑋 𑐮𑐶𑐳𑐾𑑄 𑐡𑐾𑐫𑑂 𑐣𑑂𑐫𑑄𑐎𑑄 𑐡𑐹𑐐𑐸 𑑔𑑐 𑐴𑐖𑐵𑐬𑐳𑐶𑐧𑐾𑑄 𑐀𑐥𑑂𑐰𑑅 𑐀𑐳𑑂𑐠𑐵𑐃 𑐰 𑐬𑐵𑐴𑐟 𑐱𑐶𑐎𑑂𑐲𑐎𑐥𑐶𑐣𑑂𑐟 𑐫𑐾𑑃𑐫𑑂 𑐳𑑅𑐟𑐵𑑅 𑐳𑑀𑐩𑐰𑐵𑑅𑐣𑐶𑐳𑐾𑑄 𑐔𑐬𑐞𑐧𑐡𑑂𑐢 𑐁𑐣𑑂𑐡𑑀𑐮𑐣 𑐫𑐵𑐫𑐾𑐐𑐸 𑐳𑐩𑐶𑐟𑐶𑑄 𑐖𑐵𑐣𑐎𑐵𑐬𑐷 𑐧𑑂𑐫𑐹𑐐𑐸 𑐡𑐸 𑑋 𑐳𑐬𑐎𑐵𑐬𑑄 […]

𑐩𑑄𑐐𑐮𑐰𑐵𑑅𑐣𑐶𑐳𑐾𑑄 𑐡𑐾𑐫𑑂 𑐣𑑂𑐫𑑄𑐎𑑄 𑐳𑑂𑐎𑐹𑐮 𑐧𑐣𑑂𑐡 ...


𑐣𑐾𑐥𑐵𑐮𑐫𑑂 𑐳𑑂𑐠𑐰𑐶𑐬𑐰𑐵𑐡 𑐧𑐸𑐡𑑂𑐢𑐢𑐬𑑂𑐩 𑐥𑐸𑐣𑐬𑐸𑐟𑑂𑐠𑐵𑐣𑐫𑐵 𑐖𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐫𑑂 𑐣𑑂𑐴𑐵𑐥𑐵𑑄𑐩𑑂𑐴 𑐣𑑂𑐴𑑂𑐫𑐮𑐸𑐰𑐵 𑐰𑑂𑐫𑐎𑑂𑐟𑐶𑐟𑑂𑐰 𑐏𑑅, 𑐫𑐮 𑐔𑐶𑐎𑑄𑐧𑐴𑐷𑐫𑐵 𑐨𑐵𑐖𑐸 𑐖𑐐𑐟𑐩𑐵𑐣 𑐧𑐿𑐡𑑂𑐫, (𑐢𑐬𑑂𑐩 𑐁𑐡𑐶𑐟𑑂𑐫 𑐢𑐬𑑂𑐩𑐵𑐔𑐵𑐬𑑂𑐫) 𑑋 𑐰𑐳𑐥𑑀𑐮 𑐥𑐵𑐮𑐶–𑐧𑐸𑐡𑑂𑐢𑐢𑐬𑑂𑐩 𑐀𑐢𑑂𑐫𑐫𑐣𑐫𑐵 𑐎𑑂𑐬𑐩𑐫𑑂 𑐢𑐬𑑂𑐩𑐫𑑂 𑐖𑐵𑐐𑐬𑐞 𑐴𑐫𑐾𑐫𑐵 𑐣𑐶𑑄𑐟𑐶𑑄 𑐡𑐾𑐱 𑐰𑐶𑐡𑐾𑐱𑐫𑑂 𑐔𑑂𑐰𑐣𑐵𑑅 𑐁𑐥𑐵𑐮𑑄 𑐳𑑄𑐑 𑐳𑑄𑐳𑑂𑐠𑐵 𑐔𑐵𑐫𑐾𑐎𑐵𑑅 𑐧𑐸𑐡𑑂𑐢𑐢𑐬𑑂𑐩, 𑐀𑐣𑑄 𑐮𑐶𑐥𑐵 𑐧𑐸𑐡𑑂𑐢𑐢𑐬𑑂𑐩 𑐰 𑐣𑐾𑐥𑐵𑐮𑐨𑐵𑐲𑐵, 𑐴𑐶𑐩𑐵𑐮𑐫 𑐧𑑁𑐡𑑂𑐢 𑐀𑑄𑐐𑑂𑐬𑐾𑐖𑐷 𑐥𑐟𑑂𑐬𑐶𑐎𑐵 𑐁𑐡𑐶 𑐥𑐶𑐎𑐫𑐵𑑅 𑐡𑐾𑐱 𑐰𑐶𑐡𑐾𑐱𑐫𑑂 𑐢𑐬𑑂𑐩𑐫𑐵 𑐏𑑂𑐫𑐮𑐫𑑂 𑐣𑑂𑐴𑑂𑐫𑐖𑑂𑐫𑐵𑑅𑐩𑑂𑐴 𑐰𑑂𑐫𑐎𑑂𑐟𑐶𑐟𑑂𑐰 𑐏𑑅 𑑋 𑐠𑐸𑐎𑐠𑑄 𑐢𑐬𑑂𑐩𑐵𑐡𑐶𑐟𑑂𑐫 𑐢𑐬𑑂𑐩𑐵𑐔𑐵𑐬𑑂𑐫𑑄 𑐱𑐸𑐬𑐸 𑐫𑐵𑐣𑐵𑐧𑐶𑐖𑑂𑐫𑐵𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐐𑐟𑐶𑐰𑐶𑐢𑐶 𑐣𑑂𑐴𑑂𑐫𑐵𑑅𑐰𑑃𑐰𑑄 𑐀𑐣𑑂𑐟𑐟𑑅 𑐳𑑂𑐠𑐰𑐶𑐬𑐰𑐵𑐡 𑐧𑐸𑐡𑑂𑐢 𑐢𑐬𑑂𑐩𑐫𑐵𑐐𑐸 𑐥𑑂𑐬𑐔𑐵𑐬 𑐥𑑂𑐬𑐳𑐵𑐬𑐫𑑂 𑐕𑐳𑐶𑐎𑐠𑑄 𑐰𑐶𑐎𑐵𑐳 𑐖𑐸𑐖𑐸𑑄 𑐳𑐣𑑂 𑑑𑑙𑑒𑑘 𑐣𑐶𑐳𑐾𑑄 𑐨𑐵𑐬𑐟𑐫𑐵 𑐎𑐸𑐱𑐷𑐣𑐐𑐬𑐫𑑂 𑐧𑐶𑐖𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐣𑐵𑐔𑑂𑐰𑑄𑐩𑑂𑐴 𑐧𑐬𑑂𑐩𑐷 𑐨𑐶𑐎𑑂𑐲𑐸 𑐅. 𑐔𑐣𑑂𑐡𑑂𑐬𑐩𑐞𑐶 𑐩𑐴𑐵𑐳𑑂𑐠𑐰𑐶𑐬 (𑐳𑐣𑑂 𑑑𑑘𑑗𑑖–𑑑𑑙𑑗𑑒) 𑐳𑐩𑐎𑑂𑐲 𑐥𑑂𑐬𑐧𑐖𑐶𑐟 𑐖𑐹𑐥𑐶𑑄 𑐕𑐥𑐸𑐔𑑅 𑐱𑑂𑐬𑐡𑑂𑐢𑐵𑐮𑐸 𑐰𑑂𑐫𑐎𑑂𑐟𑐶𑐥𑐶𑑄 𑐏𑐣𑐾𑐡𑐟 𑑋 𑐣𑐾𑐥𑐵𑑅𑐫𑐵 𑐧𑐸𑐡𑑂𑐢𑐱𑐵𑐳𑐣𑐫𑑂 𑐫𑑀𑐐𑐡𑐵𑐣 𑐧𑐶𑐄𑐥𑐶𑑄 𑐀𑐐𑑂𑐬𑐞𑐷 𑐰𑑂𑐫𑐎𑑂𑐟𑐶𑐟𑑂𑐰𑐥𑐶𑑄 𑐰𑐶𑐱𑐾𑐲𑐟𑑅 𑐨𑐶𑐎𑑂𑐲𑐸 𑐩𑐴𑐵𑐥𑑂𑐬𑐖𑑂𑐘𑐵, 𑐨𑐶𑐎𑑂𑐲𑐸 𑐥𑑂𑐬𑐖𑑂𑐘𑐵𑐣𑐣𑑂𑐡, 𑐨𑐶𑐎𑑂𑐲𑐸 𑐢𑐬𑑂𑐩𑐵𑐮𑑀𑐎, […]

𑐥𑐵𑐮𑐶 𑐰𑐵𑐒𑑂𑐩𑐫𑐫𑐵 𑐕𑐩𑑂𑐴 𑐧𑐾𑐖𑑀𑐜𑐩𑑂𑐴 𑐰𑑂𑐫𑐎𑑂𑐟𑐶𑐟𑑂𑐰 ...



NEST  was founded by Purna Kumar Shrestha in 2000 which aims to bring a sustainable improvement in the quality of life of disadvantaged communities in Nepal primarily through creating education opportunities for marginalised groups particularly for girls, children with disabilities and children affected by earthquakes. NEST helps them to get a good education, one which is relevant to their needs, suited to their environment, and one which will help them to overcome poverty and live healthily and safely in their community.  NEST believes in the power of education  to make the world a better place. NEST  is registered as a non-government […]

NEST-Nepal Education Support Trust


Yoga guru Ramdev welcomes Nepalese Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal in Haridwar on Sunday. (HT photo) Yoga guru Ramdev announced on Sunday that he would set up a food park and an ‘acharyakulam’ (school based vedic-cum-modern education system) in Nepal. The announcement came after Nepalese Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal ‘Prachanda’ called on Ramdev in Haridwar and visited Patanjali Ayurved’s food park during his official tour to India. Ramdev said he hoped that Patanjali’s food park in Nepal would help create more jobs in the Himalayan nation. “We discussed the scope of expanding yoga and ayurveda education in Nepal. A unit […]

Ramdev announces new food park, ...


Bishwo Bhasa Campus the only campus of the international language in the country. has been reeling under the row over appointment of part time teachers. Just last month, the college was shut down for 13 days by a student organisation claiming that four teachers appointed in February were appointed ‘illegally’. “If those illegal teachers are given classes, we will have no option but to protest,” Roma th Shrestha. student leader of the ANNFSU-R, which is affiliated with the CPN-Revolutionary Maoist. said on Thursday. The ANNFSU-R had padlocked the college from August 1 to 13, and the issue was settled after […]

Row over part-time teachers at ...



नेविसंघको महाधिवशनले विश्व भाषा क्याम्पसको अध्ययन-अध्यापन ठप्प साउन २८ । नेविसंघको महाधिवशनका कारण विश्व भाषा क्याम्पसको अध्ययन अध्यापन कार्य ढप्प भएको छ । तीन दिनभित्र महाधिवेशन सक्ने भनेर क्याम्पस प्रयोग गरिएता पनि १० दिन वित्न लाग्दा पनि महाधिवेशन नसिकिएका कारण त्यहाँको पठनपाठन अवरुद्ध बनेको हो ।विश्वभाषा क्याम्पसमा नेपालका र विश्व भरका विभिन्न विदेशी विद्यार्थी भाषा पढ्न आउने गर्दछन् । विश्वभाषा क्याम्पस प्रमुख भीम रेग्मीका अनुसार २५० विदेशी विद्यार्थीले नेपाली, संस्कृत, नेवारीलगायतका भाषा सिकिरहेको छन् । जस मध्ये एक सय जना दोस्रो सेमिस्टरमा छन् भने एक सय ५० जना पहिलो सेमिस्टरमा अध्ययन गरिरहेका छन् । त्यस्तै नेपाली विद्यार्थीहरुले जापानीज, जर्मन, अंग्रेजीलगायतका […]

नेविसंघको महाधिवशनले विश्व भाषा क्याम्पसको ...


नयाँले नपाउने, पुराना चलिरहने – रामबहादुर रावल संसद्‍मा छलफल हुँदा शिक्षा ऐन, २०२८ माथिको आठौँ संशोधन विधेयकमा प्रमुख तीन दलका तीनथरी प्राथमिकता देखिए । विधेयक दर्ता गर्ने शिक्षामन्त्री गिरिराजमणि पोखरेलको दल नेकपा माओवादी केन्द्रको प्राथमिकता विद्य ालय शिक्षामा निजी क्षेत्रलाई निरुत्साहित गर्ने थियो । त्यसका लागि गुठी वा सहकारीको मोडल सरकारको विधेयकमा प्रस्तावित थियो । संसद्मा माओवादी सांसदहरू सहकारी र कम्पनीबाट सञ्चालित शैक्षिक संस्था बन्द गर्नुपर्ने धारणा राख्थे । सत्ता गठबन्धनको नेतृत्व गर्ने दल नेकपा एमाले विद्यालय शिक्षा सहकारीलाई जिम्मा लगाउनुपर्ने पक्षमा देखियो । र, संसदीय समितिमा पनि एमाले सांसदहरू सहकारीकै पक्षमा उभिन्थे । उदार अर्थतन्त्रको पक्षपाती मानिने नेपाली कांग्रेसको […]

नयाँले नपाउने, पुराना चलिरहने


Speaking at the fifth annual conference of Higher Secondary School Association Nepal (HISSAN) recently, Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai had said the education system introduced by private schools has led the society to nowhere and commercialisation of education has benefited only a handful of people. Education is one of Nepal’s most pressing challenges; opinions in terms of education in Nepal are varied and often divided. Advocates of private education argue that private schools extend the choice families have and that they provide better and competitive education. Opponents say that private schools detract from the goal of a common school for all […]

Are private schools doing more ...