𑐔𑑂𑐰𑐏𑑃 𑐎𑐵𑐳𑐵𑐫𑑂 𑐟𑑂𑐫𑐵𑑅𑐥𑐶𑑄𑐟 𑐳𑐶𑐬𑐥𑐵𑑅 𑐮𑑅𑐮𑑂𑐴𑐵𑐟
𑐫𑐸𑐰𑐵 𑐧𑑁𑐡𑑂𑐢 𑐳𑐩𑐹𑐴 𑐫𑐾𑑃 𑐰 𑐮𑐸𑐩𑑂𑐧𑐶𑐣𑐷 𑐣𑐾𑐥𑑂𑐮𑐷𑐖 𑐧𑐸𑐡𑑂𑐢 𑐢𑐬𑑂𑐩 𑐳𑑀𑐳𑐵𑐂𑐚𑐷 𑐫𑐸𑐎𑐾𑐫𑐵 𑐩𑑄𑐎𑐵𑑅 𑐐𑑂𑐰𑐳𑐵𑐮𑐫𑑂 𑐖𑐹𑐐𑐸 𑐔𑑂𑐰𑐏𑑃 (𑐣𑐶𑐧𑐣𑑂𑐢) 𑐎𑐵𑐳𑐵𑐫𑑂 𑐄𑐟𑑂𑐎𑐺𑐲𑑂𑐚 𑐖𑐹𑐥𑐶𑑄𑐟 𑐳𑐶𑐬𑐥𑐵𑑅 𑐮𑑅𑐮𑑂𑐴𑐵𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐡𑐸 𑑋 𑐰𑑄𑐐𑐸 𑐱𑐣𑐶𑐰𑐵𑑅 𑐠𑐣𑐫𑐵 𑐨𑐺𑐎𑐸𑐚𑐷𑐩𑐞𑑂𑐜𑐥𑐳𑑂𑐠𑐶𑐟 𑐧𑐸𑐡𑑂𑐢 𑐰𑐶𑐴𑐵𑐬𑐫𑑂 𑐖𑐹𑐐𑐸 𑐕𑐐𑐹 𑐖𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐗𑑂𑐰𑑅𑐫𑐵 𑐡𑐠𑐸𑐂 𑐳𑐶𑐬𑐥𑐵𑑅 𑐮𑑅𑐮𑑂𑐴𑐵𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑑅 𑑋 𑐎𑐵𑐳𑐵𑐫𑑂 𑐄𑐟𑑂𑐎𑐺𑐲𑑂𑐚 𑐖𑐹𑐥𑐶𑑄𑐟 𑐰𑐶𑐴𑐵𑐬𑐫𑐵 𑐥𑑂𑐬𑐩𑐸𑐏 𑐨𑐶𑐎𑑂𑐲𑐸 𑐎𑑀𑐞𑑂𑐜𑐣𑑂𑐫 𑐩𑐴𑐵𑐳𑑂𑐠𑐰𑐶𑐬𑑄 𑐳𑐶𑐬𑐥𑐵𑑅 𑐮𑑅𑐮𑑂𑐴𑐵𑐣𑐵 𑐧𑐶𑐖𑑂𑐫𑐵𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑑅 𑑋 ‘𑐩𑐵𑐣𑐳𑐶𑐎 𑐳𑑂𑐰𑐵𑐳𑑂𑐠𑑂𑐫𑐫𑐵 𑐣𑐶𑑄𑐟𑐶𑑄 […]

𑐔𑑂𑐰𑐏𑑃 𑐎𑐵𑐳𑐵𑐫𑑂 𑐟𑑂𑐫𑐵𑑅𑐥𑐶𑑄𑐟 𑐳𑐶𑐬𑐥𑐵𑑅 𑐮𑑅𑐮𑑂𑐴𑐵𑐟

𑐱𑐟𑐵𑐧𑑂𑐡𑐷 𑐥𑐸𑐬𑐸𑐲 𑐳𑐟𑑂𑐫𑐩𑑀𑐴𑐣 𑐖𑑀𑐱𑐷𑐫𑐵 𑐩𑑂𑐴𑐳𑐶𑐎𑐵
𑐰𑐵𑐒𑑂𑐩𑐫 𑐱𑐟𑐵𑐧𑑂𑐡𑐷 𑐥𑐸𑐬𑐸𑐲 𑐳𑐟𑑂𑐫𑐩𑑀𑐴𑐣 𑐖𑑀𑐱𑐷𑐫𑐵 𑐩𑑂𑐴𑐳𑐷𑐎𑐵 𑐣𑐾𑐥𑐵𑑅𑐫𑐵 𑐴𑐾 𑐩𑑂𑐴𑐳𑐷𑐎𑐵 𑐏𑑅 𑑋 𑐰𑐫𑑂𑐎𑑅𑐫𑐵𑐟 𑐠𑐷𑐠𑐷 𑐳𑑄𑐑𑐳𑑄𑐳𑑂𑐠𑐵𑑄  𑐫𑐎𑑂𑐰 𑐴𑐣𑐾 𑐢𑐸𑑄𑐎𑐹𑐐𑐸 𑐡𑐸 𑑋 𑐨𑐵𑐖𑐸 𑐖𑑀𑐱𑐷𑐫𑐵𑐟 𑐠𑐷𑐠𑐷 𑐰𑐶𑐨𑐹𑐲𑐞, 𑐳𑐶𑐬𑐥𑐵𑑅𑐥𑐵𑐏𑐾𑑄 𑐳𑐩𑑂𑐩𑐵𑐣 𑐫𑐵𑐫𑐾𑐢𑐸𑑄𑐎𑐹𑐐𑐸 𑐡𑐸 𑑋 𑐀𑐠𑐾𑐴𑐾, 𑐰𑐫𑑂𑐎𑐮𑑄 𑐁𑑅𑐟𑐎 𑐣𑐾𑐥𑐵𑐮𑐨𑐵𑐲𑐵𑐫𑐵 𑐠𑑂𑐫𑑄𑐩𑐠𑑂𑐫𑑄 𑑔𑑐 𑐐𑐹 𑐳𑐦𑐹 𑐔𑑂𑐰𑐫𑐵𑐡𑐷𑐢𑐸𑐎𑐹𑐐𑐸 𑐡𑐸𑐳𑐵 𑐏𑐳 𑐣𑐾𑐥𑐵𑐮𑐷 𑐨𑐵𑐲𑐵𑑄 𑐠𑑂𑐫𑑄𑐩𑐠𑑂𑐫𑑄 𑑑𑑐 𑐐𑐹, 𑐀𑑄𑐐𑑂𑐬𑐾𑐖𑐷 𑐨𑐵𑐲𑐵𑑄 𑐣𑑄 𑐠𑐷𑐠𑐷 𑐳𑐦𑐹 𑐔𑑂𑐰𑐫𑐵𑐡𑐷𑐢𑐸𑑄𑐎𑐹𑐐𑐸 […]

𑐱𑐟𑐵𑐧𑑂𑐡𑐷 𑐥𑐸𑐬𑐸𑐲 𑐳𑐟𑑂𑐫𑐩𑑀𑐴𑐣 𑐖𑑀𑐱𑐷𑐫𑐵 𑐩𑑂𑐴𑐳𑐶𑐎𑐵

Tribhuvan University is the oldest university in Nepal among the universities opened in Nepal so far. It was established in 2016 BS with the aim of developing higher education in Nepal. Nepal Sanskrit University is the second university. This university was established with the aim of providing higher education in […]

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Bibliography of Nepalbhasa Dictionaries
  This is a bibliography I prepared on Nepalbhasa dictionaries (dictionaries of Newar language words). I’ve only included the materials published as books, and have not included materials published as articles. Likewise, I have neither included any ancient manuscripts nor any idioms/phrasebooks. I would like to express my sincere gratitude […]

Bibliography of Nepalbhasa Dictionaries

𑐩𑐴𑐵𑐎𑐰𑐶 𑐐𑐶𑐬𑐶𑐖𑐵𑐥𑑂𑐬𑐳𑐵𑐡 𑐖𑑀𑐱𑐷𑐫𑐵 𑐳𑐩𑐵𑐮𑑀𑐔𑐣𑐵 𑐳𑐦𑐹 𑐥𑐶𑐡𑐣
𑐩𑐴𑐵𑐎𑐰𑐶 𑐐𑐶𑐬𑐶𑐖𑐵𑐥𑑂𑐬𑐳𑐵𑐡 𑐖𑑀𑐱𑐷𑑄 𑑘𑑔 𑐎𑑂𑐰𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐧𑐸𑐣𑑂𑐴𑐶𑐫𑐵 𑐮𑐳𑐟𑐵𑐫𑑂 ‘𑐐𑐶𑐬𑐶𑐖𑐵𑐥𑑂𑐬𑐳𑐵𑐡𑐫𑐵 𑐳𑐩𑐵𑐮𑑀𑐔𑐣𑐵 𑐳𑐦𑐹’ 𑐥𑐶𑐟𑐧𑑂𑐰𑐖𑑂𑐫𑐵 𑐫𑐵𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐡𑐸 𑑋  𑐩𑐴𑐵𑐎𑐰𑐶 𑐖𑑀𑐱𑐷𑑄 𑐠𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐖𑐷𑐰𑐣𑐎𑐵𑐮𑐫𑑂 𑐠𑐷𑐠𑐷 𑐔𑑂𑐰𑐩𑐶𑐫𑐵 𑐎𑐺𑐟𑐶𑐫𑐵𑐟 𑐎𑐫𑐵𑑅 𑐫𑐵𑐣𑐵𑐡𑐷𑐐𑐸 𑐳𑐩𑐵𑐮𑑀𑐔𑐣𑐵 𑐳𑑄𑐐𑑂𑐬𑐴 ‘𑐐𑐶𑐬𑐶𑐖𑐵𑐥𑑂𑐬𑐳𑐵𑐡𑐫𑐵 𑐳𑐩𑐵𑐮𑑀𑐔𑐣𑐵’ 𑐣𑐵𑑄𑐫𑐵 𑐳𑐦𑐹 𑐰𑑄𑐐𑐸 𑐱𑐣𑐶𑐰𑐵𑑅 𑐳𑐎𑑂𑐰𑐫𑑂 𑐖𑐹𑐐𑐸 𑐕𑐐𑐹 𑐖𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐗𑑂𑐰𑑅𑐫𑐵 𑐡𑐠𑐸𑐂 𑐥𑐶𑐟𑐧𑑂𑐰𑐖𑑂𑐫𑐵 𑐫𑐵𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑑅 𑑋 𑐳𑐎𑑂𑐰 𑐎𑐺𑐲𑐶 𑐦𑐵𑐬𑑂𑐩𑐫𑑂 𑐦𑐵𑐬𑑂𑐩𑐫𑐵 𑐳𑑄𑐔𑐵𑐮𑐎 𑐨𑐵𑐲𑐵𑐳𑐾𑐰𑐷 𑐃. 𑐬𑐵𑐖𑐡𑐵𑐳 𑐱𑑂𑐬𑐾𑐲𑑂𑐛𑐫𑐵 𑐳𑐨𑐵𑐥𑐟𑑂𑐰𑐶𑐫𑑂 […]

𑐩𑐴𑐵𑐎𑐰𑐶 𑐐𑐶𑐬𑐶𑐖𑐵𑐥𑑂𑐬𑐳𑐵𑐡 𑐖𑑀𑐱𑐷𑐫𑐵 𑐳𑐩𑐵𑐮𑑀𑐔𑐣𑐵 𑐳𑐦𑐹

𑐩𑐵𑑄 𑐨𑐵𑐫𑑂 𑐡𑐶𑐰𑐳
–𑐰𑐶𑐣𑐫 𑐬𑐵𑐖𑑀𑐥𑐵𑐢𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐫 – 𑐬𑐾𑐬𑐰𑐵 / 𑐊𑐦.𑐊𑐩. 𑐔𑐵𑐫𑐾𑐎𑐵𑑅 𑐟𑑅𑐐𑐸𑐩𑐕𑐶 𑐳𑑂𑐚𑐾𑐱𑐣 𑐴𑐵𑐫𑐾𑐎𑐵, 𑐐𑐣𑑄 𑐣 𑐠𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐨𑐵𑐫𑑂𑐫𑐵 𑐖𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐗𑑂𑐰𑑅𑐟 𑐠𑑂𑐰𑐫𑐵𑐔𑑂𑐰𑑄𑐐𑐸 𑐖𑐶𑑄 𑐟𑐵𑐫𑐾𑐎𑐾 𑐩𑐦𑐸 𑑋 – 𑐚𑐶𑐨𑐷 𑐔𑐵𑐫𑐾𑐎𑐵, 𑐔𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐣𑐮𑐟 𑐴𑐶𑐮𑐵𑑅 𑐴𑐶𑐮𑐵𑑅 𑐳𑑂𑐰𑐫𑐵𑑄 𑐀𑐣 𑐣𑑄 𑐐𑐣𑑄 𑐠𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐨𑐵𑐫𑑂𑐫𑐵 𑐖𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐗𑑂𑐰𑑅𑐟 𑐰𑐫𑐵𑐔𑑂𑐰𑑄𑐐𑐸 𑐖𑐶𑑄 𑐏𑑄𑐎𑐾 𑐩𑐦𑐸 𑑋 𑐧𑐬𑐸 𑐧𑐶𑐡𑐾𑐱𑐷 𑐨𑐵𑐫𑑂 𑐴𑐶𑐣𑑂𑐡𑐷 𑐨𑐵𑐫𑑂𑐫𑐵 𑐫𑐎𑑂𑐰𑑅 𑐴𑐾 𑐖𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐗𑑂𑐰𑑅÷𑐳𑑄𑐎𑐶𑐥𑐵𑑅÷𑐩𑑂𑐫𑐾𑐟 𑐠𑑂𑐰𑐫𑐵𑐔𑑂𑐰𑑄𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑐣𑐵 𑑋 𑐳𑑂𑐰𑐡𑐾𑐱𑐫𑑂 […]

𑐩𑐵𑑄 𑐨𑐵𑐫𑑂 𑐡𑐶𑐰𑐳

𑐥𑐶𑐣𑐾 𑐥𑐶𑐣𑐾 𑐖𑐶𑐮𑑂𑐮𑐵𑐫𑑂 𑐧𑐵𑐖𑑄 𑐳𑑂𑐫𑑄 𑐰𑐣𑐷𑐥𑐶𑑄 𑐧𑐵𑐖𑑄 𑐐𑐸𑐬𑐸𑐥𑐶𑑄𑐳𑑄 𑐀𑐣 𑐧𑐵𑐖𑑄𑐫𑐵 𑐣𑐵𑐥𑐣𑐵𑐥𑑄 𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅 𑐨𑐵𑐫𑑂 𑐣𑑄 𑐳𑑂𑐫𑐣𑐵 𑐰𑐫𑐾 𑐦𑐫𑐾𑐩𑐵 𑐢𑐎𑐵𑑅 𑐧𑐵𑐖𑑄 𑐐𑐸𑐬𑐸𑐥𑐶𑑄𑐟 𑐧𑐶𑐄𑐐𑐸 𑐨𑐵𑐲𑐵 𑐳𑑂𑐫𑐣𑐾𑐐𑐸 𑐥𑑂𑐬𑐱𑐶𑐎𑑂𑐲𑐞 𑐩𑑂𑐴𑐶𑐐𑑅 𑐎𑑂𑐰𑐔𑐵𑐮 𑑋 𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅 𑐡𑐾𑐫𑑂 𑐡𑐧𑐹𑐫𑐵 𑐁𑐴𑑂𑐰𑐵𑐣𑐫𑑂 𑐣𑐵𑐳𑑅 𑐳𑐺𑐲𑑂𑐚𑐶 𑐎𑐮𑐵𑐫𑐵 𑐐𑑂𑐰𑐵𑐴𑐵𑐮𑐶𑑄 𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅 𑐳𑑂𑐫𑐣𑐵𑐩𑐶 𑐡𑐧𑐹𑐥𑐵𑐏𑐾𑑄 𑐳𑑂𑐰𑐣𑑂𑐴𑐸𑐫𑑄𑐎𑑄 𑐠𑑂𑐰 𑐟𑐵𑐮𑐶𑐩 𑐧𑐶𑐄𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑑅 𑑋 𑐠𑐣𑐫𑐵 𑐣𑐾𑐥𑐵𑐮 𑐁𑐡𑐬𑑂𑐱 𑐳𑑂𑐎𑐸𑐮𑐫𑑂 𑐖𑐹𑐐𑐸 𑐟𑐵𑐮𑐶𑐩𑐫𑐵 𑐣𑐷𑐩𑑂𑐴 𑐳𑐴𑐨𑐵𑐐𑐷𑐥𑐶𑑄𑐟 […]

𑐁𑑅 𑐧𑐵𑐖𑑄𑐫𑐵 𑐣𑐵𑐥𑐣𑐵𑐥𑑄 𑐨𑐵𑐲𑐵 𑐣𑑄 ...

𑐀𑐠𑐾 𑐢𑐂𑐐𑐸 𑐠𑑁𑑄 𑐳𑑂𑐰𑐫𑐵𑑅 𑐥𑐷𑐳𑑂𑐰𑐡𑑃 𑐣𑑂𑐴𑑂𑐫𑑅𑐫𑐵𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑑃 𑐏𑑅 𑑋 𑐄𑐧𑐮𑐫𑑂 𑐖𑐶 𑐗𑐶𑑄𑐔𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐡𑑃 𑐰 𑐨𑐩𑑂𑐔𑐵 𑐖𑐸𑐂𑐩𑑂𑐴 𑐩𑐫𑑂𑐖𑐸 𑐗𑐶𑑄𑐥𑑂𑐫𑐡𑑃 𑐖𑐎 𑐎𑑂𑐫𑑄𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑑅 𑑋
𑐳𑑂𑐎𑐹𑐮 𑐳𑐶𑐢𑐫𑐵𑑅 𑐎𑐮𑐾𑐖 𑐠𑑂𑐫𑐣𑐾𑐰𑑄 𑐖𑐶 𑐂𑐴𑐶𑐥𑐵 𑐖𑐹𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑑅 𑑋 𑐀𑐠𑐾 𑐢𑐂𑐐𑐸 𑐠𑑁𑑄 𑐳𑑂𑐰𑐫𑐵𑑅 𑐥𑐷𑐳𑑂𑐰𑐡𑑃 𑐣𑑂𑐴𑑂𑐫𑑅𑐫𑐵𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑑃 𑐏𑑅 𑑋 𑐄𑐧𑐮𑐫𑑂 𑐖𑐶 𑐗𑐶𑑄𑐔𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐡𑑃 𑐰 𑐨𑐩𑑂𑐔𑐵 𑐖𑐸𑐂𑐩𑑂𑐴 𑐩𑐫𑑂𑐖𑐸 𑐗𑐶𑑄𑐥𑑂𑐫𑐡𑑃 𑐖𑐎 𑐎𑑂𑐫𑑄𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑑅 𑑋 𑐄𑐧𑐮𑐫𑑂𑐫𑐵 𑐔𑐮𑐣𑐎𑐠𑑄 𑐕𑐥𑐵𑑅 𑐮𑐥𑑂𑐟𑐾𑑄 𑐔𑐵𑐫𑐾𑐎𑐾 𑐩𑐵𑑅 𑐢𑐎𑐵𑑅 𑐖𑐶 𑐰 𑐖𑐶𑐩𑐶 𑐎𑐾𑐴𑐾𑑃𑐫𑐵𑐟 𑐖𑐶𑐩𑐶 𑐣𑐶𑐩𑑂𑐴 𑐎𑐎𑐵𑐥𑐶𑑄 𑐣𑐵𑐥𑑄 𑐂𑐴𑐶𑐥𑐵 𑐫𑐵𑐣𑐵𑐧𑑂𑐫𑐹𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑑅 𑑋 𑐨𑐩𑐔𑐵 […]

𑐂𑐴𑐶𑐥𑐵 𑐢𑐸𑑄𑐎𑐵𑑅

𑐢𑐬𑑂𑐩𑐬𑐟𑑂𑐣 ‘𑐫𑐩𑐶’ 𑐩𑐴𑐵𑐣 𑐎𑑂𑐬𑐵𑐣𑑂𑐟𑐶–𑐰𑐵𑐴𑐎 𑐗𑐷 𑐎𑐰𑐶 𑐗𑐮𑐮 𑐏𑐿𑐔𑑂𑐰𑐣 𑐣𑑂𑐫𑑄𑐎 𑐖𑐐𑐟𑐫𑑂 𑐰𑐿𑐐𑐸 𑐖𑐷𑐰𑐣𑐫𑐵 𑐖𑐟𑐶 𑑋 𑐩𑑂𑐴𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐫𑑂 𑐩𑐔𑐵 𑐗𑐷 𑐨𑐺𑐎𑐸𑐟𑐶 𑐮𑐵𑐣𑐶𑑄 𑐧𑑁𑐡𑑂𑐢–𑐢𑑂𑐰𑐵𑑃𑐫𑑂 𑐧𑑂𑐰𑐫𑐾𑐎𑐹𑐐𑐸 𑐡𑐾𑐫𑑂 𑐀𑐬𑐣𑐶𑐎𑑀𑑄 𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅 𑐎𑐮𑐵𑐎𑐺𑐟𑐶 𑐳𑑂𑐰𑐵𑐣 𑐠𑐾𑑄 𑐴𑑂𑐰𑐫𑑂𑐎𑐹𑐐𑐸 𑐡𑐾𑐫𑑂 𑐏𑑅 𑐰 ‘𑐮𑑂𑐴𑐵𑐳𑐵’ 𑐢𑐬𑑂𑐩𑐬𑐟𑑂𑐣𑑄 𑐮𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐫𑑂𑐩𑑂𑐴 𑐖𑐷𑐰𑐣 𑐥𑐵𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐡𑐾𑐫𑑂 𑐗𑐷 𑐮𑐶𑐳𑐾 𑐁𑐡𑐶𑑄 𑐣𑐶𑐳𑐾𑑄 𑐴𑐾 𑐮𑐵 𑐰 𑐮𑐸𑐳𑐶 𑐠𑐾𑑄 𑐳𑑂𑐰𑐵𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐡𑐾𑐫𑑂 𑑋 𑐄𑐐𑐸 […]

𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅 𑐥𑐸𑐬𑑂𑐏𑐵𑐥𑐶𑐣𑐶 𑐎𑐵𑐧𑑂𑐫𑐶𑐎 𑐖𑐷𑐰𑐣𑐷

𑐀𑐬𑑂𑐔𑐣𑐵 𑐀𑐣𑐸𑐥𑑂𑐬𑐶𑐫𑐵 𑐁𑐮𑑀𑐎 𑐳𑐸𑐠𑑄𑐣𑐶𑐳𑐾𑑄 𑐡𑐶𑐎𑑂𑐎 𑐔𑐵𑐫𑐵𑐔𑑂𑐰𑑄𑐐𑐸 𑐡𑐸𑑋 𑐳𑐸𑐠𑐫𑑂 𑐴𑐾 𑐠𑑁𑑄 𑐳𑐸𑑄 𑐕𑐩𑑂𑐴𑐾𑐳𑐶𑐣𑑄 𑐰𑐫𑐵𑐐𑐸 𑐧𑐐𑐮𑐷 𑐩𑐵𑐬𑐾 𑐫𑐵𑐣𑐵𑑅 𑐢𑑂𑐫𑐧𑐵 𑐳𑑂𑐰𑐴𑐵𑐫𑐾𑐎𑐮 𑑋 𑐐𑐸𑐮𑐶 𑐩𑐾𑐴𑐣𑐟 𑐫𑐵𑐣𑐵𑑅 𑐢𑐶𑐧𑑂𑐕𑑅, 𑐢𑐶𑐧𑑂𑐕𑑅 𑐩𑐸𑑄𑐎𑐵𑑅 𑐁𑐮𑑀𑐎𑑄 𑐩𑐵𑑄𑐫𑐵𑐟 𑐕𑑂𑐰𑐫𑐵𑐧𑐷𑐟 𑐥𑑂𑐫𑐡𑑂𑐰𑑅 𑐡𑐵𑑄 𑐩𑐸𑑄𑐎𑐹𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑑅 𑑋 𑐚𑑂𑐫𑐹𑐱𑐣𑑄 𑐕𑐣𑑂𑐴𑐸 𑐣𑐶𑐣𑑂𑐴𑐸𑐫𑐵 𑐧𑐶𑐡𑐵 𑐎𑐫𑐵𑑅 𑐐𑐵𑐩𑐫𑑂 𑐰𑐣𑐵𑑅 𑐰𑐫𑐾 𑐩𑐵𑐮𑐷 𑐢𑐎𑐵𑑅 𑐧𑐶𑐔𑐵𑑅 𑐫𑐵𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐣𑑄 𑐏𑑅 𑑋 𑐩𑐵𑑄𑐫𑐵𑐟 𑐢𑑂𑐫𑐧𑐵 […]

𑐴𑑂𑐰𑐐𑑄𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑐮𑑂𑐟𑐶

𑐄𑐲𑐵 𑐰𑐖𑑂𑐬𑐵𑐔𑐵𑐬𑑂𑐫 𑐱𑐶𑐎𑐵𑐬 𑐩𑐵𑐩𑐵𑑄 𑐄𑐏𑐾𑑄𑐠𑐸𑐏𑐾𑑄 𑐔𑐵𑑅𑐴𑐶𑐮𑐵 𑐔𑑂𑐰𑑄𑐩𑑂𑐴 𑐔𑑄𑐏𑐾𑐔𑐵 𑐢𑑀𑑄𑐫𑐵 𑐁𑐎𑐵𑐗𑐵𑐎𑐵𑑄 𑐐𑐸𑐮𑐸𑐮𑐸𑐮𑐸 𑐟𑐸𑐮𑐵𑐰𑐫𑐵𑐔𑑂𑐰𑑄𑐐𑐸 𑐟𑐐𑑂𑐰𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐜𑑂𑐬𑐩 𑐕𑐐𑐮𑐫𑑂 𑐩𑐶𑐏𑐵 𑐖𑐹𑐰𑐣 𑑋 𑐜𑑂𑐬𑐩𑐫𑑂 𑐥𑐸𑐳𑐵 𑐟𑐫𑐵𑐟𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐡𑐸𑑋 𑐜𑑂𑐬𑐩𑐫𑑂 𑐡𑐸𑐣𑐾 𑐕𑐸𑑄 𑐩𑐡𑐸 𑑋 𑐜𑑂𑐬𑐩 𑐳𑑂𑐰𑐳𑑂𑐰𑑄 𑐔𑑄𑐏𑐾𑐔𑐵𑑄 𑐑𑑁𑐥𑐮𑐏 𑐳𑐸𑐩𑑂𑐎 𑐔𑑂𑐰𑐣𑐵𑑅 𑐧𑐶𑐔𑐵𑑅 𑐫𑐵𑐣𑐵𑐔𑑂𑐰𑐣 𑑋 𑐣𑑂𑐴𑑂𑐫𑐥𑐸𑐂 𑐕𑐸𑑄 𑐧𑐶𑐔𑐵𑑅 𑐧𑐸𑐫𑐵𑐰𑐫𑐾𑐰𑑄 𑐮𑐫𑑂𑐟𑐵𑐫𑐵𑑅 𑐰 𑐟𑐶𑑄𑐎 𑐣𑑂𑐴𑐸𑐮 𑑋 𑐰 𑐫𑐵𑐎𑑅𑐔𑐵 𑐴𑐾 𑐨𑐸𑐣𑐸𑐨𑐸𑐣𑐸 𑐴𑐵𑐮, […]

𑐔𑑄𑐏𑐾𑐔𑐵 𑐢𑑀𑑄𑐫𑐵 𑐖𑐵𑐮

𑐳𑐏𑐾 𑐠𑐠𑐾 𑐏𑑅 𑐎𑐣𑑂𑐴𑐫𑑂 𑐮𑐶𑐳𑐾 𑐩𑑂𑐰𑐵𑐫𑐾𑐐𑐸 𑐢𑐫𑐵𑐐𑐸 𑐀𑐳𑑂𑐠𑐶𑐟𑐶 𑐏𑑅 𑐀𑐮𑐾 𑐩𑑂𑐰𑐵𑐫𑐾𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑑃 𑐴𑐾 𑐩𑐏𑐸 𑐢𑐵𑐟𑑂𑐠𑐾𑑄 𑐮𑐵 𑑋 𑐠𑑂𑐰𑐫𑐵𑐟 𑐀𑐗 𑐳𑑂𑐥𑐲𑑂𑐚 𑐫𑐵𑐫𑐾 𑐠𑐸𑐥𑐶𑑄 𑐏𑑃𑐥𑐸𑐟 𑐮𑐶𑐳𑐾 𑑋 𑐕𑑄 𑐳𑑂𑐫𑐹 𑐩𑐣𑐹 𑐫𑐎𑑂𑐰 𑐡𑐸𑑅𑐏 𑐖𑑂𑐰𑐣𑐵𑑅 𑐩𑑂𑐰𑐵𑐂 𑑋 𑐟𑑅𑐟𑐵 𑐎𑐔𑐶𑑄𑐐 𑐰 𑐎𑐔𑐰𑑄𑐫𑐵 𑐖𑑂𑐫𑐵 𑐴𑐾 𑐩𑐕𑐶𑑄𑐐𑐸 𑐨𑐸𑐮𑐶𑑄 𑐨𑐸𑐮𑐶𑑄 𑐖𑐸𑐫𑐵 𑐣𑑄 𑐩𑑂𑐰𑐵𑐂 𑑋 𑐐𑐣 𑐰 𑐩𑐣𑑂𑐴𑑂𑐫𑑄 𑐀𑐣 […]

𑐳𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐎𑑂𑐎 𑐫𑐐𑑂𑐐𑐵𑐂𑐐𑐸 𑐎𑐣𑑂𑐴𑐫𑑂, 𑐕𑐥𑐸 𑐳𑑂𑐰𑐥𑑂𑐣 ...

𑐥𑐡𑑂𑐩𑐬𑐟𑑂𑐣 𑐟𑐸𑐮𑐵𑐢𑐬 𑐖𑐷𑐰𑐣 𑐢𑐂𑐐𑐸 𑐐𑐸𑐮𑐶 𑐣𑑂𑐴𑑂𑐫𑐂𑐥𑐸𑐳𑐾 𑐔𑑂𑐰𑑄 𑑋 𑐖𑐷𑐰𑐣𑐫𑐵 𑐰𑐣𑐾𑐢𑐸𑑄𑐎𑐹𑐐𑐸 𑐏𑑃 𑐮𑐸𑐩𑑄𑐎𑐾𑐐𑐸 𑐣𑑄 𑐐𑐸𑐧𑐮𑐾𑑄 𑐐𑐸𑐧𑐮𑐾𑑄 𑐳𑐶𑐎𑑂𑐎 𑐣𑑂𑐴𑑂𑐫𑐂𑐥𑐸𑐳𑐾 𑐔𑑂𑐰𑑄 𑑋 𑐥𑐷𑐣𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐡𑑃 𑐣𑑂𑐴𑑂𑐫𑑅𑐫𑐵 𑐏𑑃, 𑐖𑐶 𑐗𑐶𑑄𑐣𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐡𑑃 𑐡𑐸𑐐𑐸 𑐃, 𑐄𑐧𑐮𑐫𑑂 𑐖𑐶 𑐣𑑂𑐴𑐵𑐫𑑂𑐎𑑄𑐟𑑂𑐰𑐵𑑅𑐫𑐵 𑐕𑐾𑑄 𑐥𑐸𑐟𑐮𑐷 𑐳𑐟𑐎𑐫𑐵 𑐥𑐡𑑂𑐩𑑀𑐡𑐫 𑐴𑐵𑐂𑐳𑑂𑐎𑐹𑐮𑐫𑑂 𑐧𑑂𑐰𑑄 𑐰𑐣𑐾𑐐𑐸 𑑋 𑐳𑑂𑐎𑐹𑐮 𑐰𑐣𑐾𑐧𑐮𑐫𑑂 𑐖𑐶 𑐣𑑂𑐴𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐧𑐮𑐾𑑄 𑐧𑐵𑐐𑐧𑐖𑐵𑐬𑐫𑐵 𑐏𑐰–𑐳𑐶𑐠𑐮𑑃 𑐮𑐶𑐣𑐵𑑅 𑐰𑐣𑐾𑐐𑐸 – 𑐫𑐵𑐎𑑅𑐔𑐵 𑑋 𑐰𑐴𑐾 𑐮𑑃𑐫𑐵 […]

𑐧𑐵𑐐𑐧𑐖𑐵𑑅𑐫𑐵 𑐮𑑃𑐫𑑂

𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵 𑐳𑐶𑐴𑐳𑐵𑐬𑑂𑐠𑐎
𑐖𑐬𑑂𑐩𑐣 𑐧𑐶𑐱𑑂𑐬𑑂𑐰𑐧𑐶𑐡𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐮𑐫𑐫𑐵𑐩𑑂𑐴 𑐧𑐶𑐡𑑂𑐰𑐵𑐣 𑐥𑑂𑐬𑑀𑐦𑐾𑐳𑐬 𑐜𑐵. 𑐮𑐶𑐣𑐴𑐵𑐬𑑂𑐚𑐖𑐸𑑄 (Prof. Dr. Lienhart) 𑐖𑐬𑑂𑐩𑐣𑐷 𑐖𑐸𑐐𑐸 𑐕𑐐𑐸 𑐀𑐣𑑂𑐟𑐬𑐬𑐵𑐳𑑂𑐟𑑂𑐬𑐷𑐫 𑐳𑐩𑑂𑐩𑐾𑐮𑐣𑐮𑐾 (𑐃𑐳𑑂𑐰𑐷 𑐳𑐩𑑂𑐧𑐟 𑑑𑑙𑑘𑑕) 𑐖𑐬𑑂𑐩𑐣𑐷𑐫𑐵𑐐𑐸 𑐕𑐐𑐸 𑐩𑑂𑐫𑐸𑐖𑐷𑐫𑐩 (Museum of Indian Art, Berlin) 𑐫𑐵𑐐𑐸 𑐳𑑃𑐎𑐮𑐣 𑐥𑐵𑐏𑐾 𑐡𑐸𑐐𑐸 𑐥𑐸𑐮𑐵𑑄𑐐𑐸 𑐟𑐵𑐴𑐵𑐎𑐐𑐸 𑐥𑑁𑐨𑐵 𑐀𑐢𑑂𑐫𑐫𑐣 𑐫𑐵𑐣𑐵𑐡𑐶𑐫𑐵 𑐳𑐶𑑄𑐴𑐮𑐱𑐵𑐬𑑂𑐠𑐧𑐵𑐴𑐵𑐫𑐵 𑐧𑐵𑐏𑑄 𑐣𑑂𑐴𑐾𑐧𑑂𑐫𑐫𑐵 𑐡𑐶𑐐𑐸𑐏:𑑋 𑐠𑑂𑐰𑑀 𑐥𑑁𑐨𑐵𑐫𑐵 𑐴𑐵𑐎 𑑑𑑑.𑑔𑑐 𑐩𑐶𑐟𑐬 𑐰: 𑐧𑑂𑐫𑐵 𑑐.𑑕𑑕 𑐩𑐶𑐟𑐬 𑐡𑐸𑐐𑐸 𑐀𑐮𑑂𑐫𑐾 𑑘𑑐 […]

𑐳𑐶𑑄𑐴𑐮𑐱𑐵𑐬𑑂𑐠𑐧𑐵𑐴𑐵 𑐁𑐖𑐸 𑐮𑑂𑐴𑐵𑐳𑐵 𑐩𑐏𑐸𑐳𑐾𑑄 𑐱𑑂𑐬𑐷𑐮𑐒𑑂𑐎𑐵 ...

–𑐬𑐵𑐖 𑐩𑐴𑐬𑑂𑐖𑐣 𑐥𑑂𑐬𑐵𑐞𑐩𑐵𑐫𑐵 𑐠𑑅 𑐨𑐵𑑅𑐟 𑐟𑐔𑑂𑐰𑐫𑑂𑐎 𑐩𑑂𑐴 𑐩𑐦𑐫𑐵 𑐴𑐳𑑂𑐥𑐶𑐟𑐮𑐫𑑂 𑐴𑐫𑐾𑐩𑐵𑑅𑐧𑐮𑐾 𑐟𑐎 𑐣𑑄 𑐠𑑅𑐩𑑂𑐴𑑄 𑐕𑐾𑑃 𑐣𑑄 𑐥𑐶𑐟𑐶𑐣𑐵𑐩𑑂𑐴 𑐎𑐵𑐫𑑂 𑐬𑐵𑐖𑐾𑐱𑐫𑐵𑐟 𑐳𑐟𑐎𑐾 𑐩𑐕𑑂𑐰 𑑋 𑐥𑑂𑐬𑐵𑐞𑐩𑐵𑐫𑐵𑐫𑐵 𑐡𑐟𑐦𑐟 𑐕𑐩𑑂𑐴 𑐴𑐾 𑐖𑐎 𑐎𑐵𑐫𑑂 𑐬𑐵𑐖𑐾𑐱 𑑋 𑐟𑐬 𑐬𑐵𑐖𑐾𑐱𑑄 𑐠𑑅𑐐𑐸 𑐳𑐶𑐧𑐾𑑄 𑐎𑑂𑐰𑐫𑑂 𑐖𑐵𑐟𑐫𑐵𑐩𑑂𑐴 𑐩𑐶𑐳𑐵 𑐧𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐴𑐵 𑐫𑐵𑐫𑐾𑐐𑐸 𑐢𑐶𑐥𑐶 𑐎𑑂𑐫𑑄𑐧𑐮𑐾 𑐥𑑂𑐬𑐵𑐞𑐩𑐵𑐫𑐵𑑄 𑐫𑐵𑐄𑐎 𑐎𑐵𑐫𑑂𑐫𑐵𑐟 𑐴𑐵𑐎𑐸𑐟𑐶𑐣𑐵 𑐕𑑂𑐰𑐟 𑑋 𑐥𑑂𑐬𑐵𑐞𑐩𑐵𑐫𑐵𑐫𑐵 𑐴𑐿𑐎𑐩 𑐎𑐜𑐵 𑐴𑐾 […]

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