Tribhuvan University is the oldest university in Nepal among the universities opened in Nepal so far. It was established in 2016 BS with the aim of developing higher education in Nepal. Nepal Sanskrit University is the second university. This university was established with the aim of providing higher education in the Sanskrit language within the country for the promotion and development of the Sanskrit language. The central office of this university is located in Beljhundi, Dang, Midwestern Development Region of Nepal. Kathmandu University was established in 2048 BS as the third university.
Since the country needs skilled manpower with knowledge and skills in various subjects and it is not possible for a single university to complete the task due to various difficulties including managerial issues, the Government of Nepal has adopted a policy of establishing universities at the regional level with private resources and means, so Purvanchal University was established in the year 2051 BS. Purvanchal University plays a vital role in producing skilled manpower in higher education.
Pokhara University was established in 2054 BS. BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS) established at Dharan in Sunsari district in 2055 with the technical and financial support of the Government of India is a university-like higher educational institution. BPKIHS produces doctors and nurses.
Other Universities in Nepal: Lumbini Buddhist University, Agriculture and Forestry University, Far Western University, Mid Western University, Nepal Open University, and Rajarhi Janak University
According to the information received from the University Grants Commission (UGC), a total of 466,828 students are studying in the University and Health Academy in the academic session 2076/77. The highest 76.4% of the total students studying in the university are studying in Tribhuvan University. Similarly, 6.98% of students are studying in Pokhara University, 5.9% in Purwanchal University, and 3.99% at Kathmandu University respectively. The rest of the universities and health academies have less than 3% of students.
Out of the total 466828 students, 89.2% have completed graduation, 10.2% have completed post-graduation, 0.35% have completed PhD, 0.28% have completed MPhil, and 0.05% have completed post-graduate diploma. The enrollment ratio is higher in Tribhuvan University than other universities.
Analyzing the data, out of a total of 466,828 students enrolled in the academic semester 2076-77, 43.43% of students are in the Faculty of Management, followed by 19.1% in the Faculty of Education, 12.61% in the Faculty of Humanities and Sociology, 8% in the Faculty of Science, 6% in Engineering. 38% and 5.95% studying medical science, while relatively less students have been enrolled in other faculties.
Gender-wise Student Enrollment Statement of Universities/Health Science Institutes, 2076/77
|Tribhuvan University (TU)||161720||194934||356654|
|Nepal Sanskrit University (NSU)||2117||711||2828|
|Kathmandu University (KU)||9961||8682||18643|
|Purbanchal University (PU)||13108||14419||27527|
|Lumbini Buddist University (LBU)||478||217||695|
|Agriculture and Forestry University (AFU)||2528||1900||4428|
|Far Western University (FWU)||3872||6225||10097|
|Mid-Western University (MWU)||5175||4579||9754|
|Nepal Open University (NOU)||1032||132||1164|
|Rajarshi Janak University||108||78||186|
|BP Koirala Institute of Health Science (BPKIHS)||746||602||1348|
|National Academy of Medical Sciences (NAMS)||201||441||642|
|Patan Academy of Health Science (PAHS)||60||159||219|
|Karnali Academy of Health Science (KAHS)||35||24||59|
Level-Wise Student Admission Details under Universities/Health Science Institutes, 2076/77:
|University / Level||Bachelor||PGD||Masters||Mphil||PhD||Total|
|Tribhuvan University (TU)||322540||32998||1116||356654|
|Nepal Sanskrit University (NSU)||2441||152||235||2828|
|Kathmandu University (KU)||16016||200||1731||578||118||18643|
|Purbanchal University (PU)||24370||3141||16||27527|
|Lumbini Buddist University (LBU)||284||14||397||695|
|Agriculture and Forestry University (AFU)||3629||687||112||4428|
|Far Western University (FWU)||9039||1058||10097|
|Mid-Western University (MWU)||7258||2456||9714|
|Nepal Open University||302||210||40||552|
|Rajarshi Janak University||168||18||652||838|
|BP Koirala Institute of Health Science (BPKIHS)||1018||329||1||1348|
|National Academy of Medical Sciences (NAMS)||349||293||642|
|Patan Academy of Health Science (PAHS)||145||74||219|
|Karnali Academy of Health Science (KAHS)||54||5||59|